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68285 Private George Henry (Sonny) Galloway – Wellington Infantry Regiment

The Galloway family were of Scottish decent with David and Ann Galloway moving to farm at Pauatahanui in the late 1840’[i]s.  George Galloway, their son, married Amelia Prudence Hellen in 1880 and the couple had six children. George Henry Galloway was born in Pauatahanui on the 31st May 1889 their fourth child and first son[ii].

George was educated at the Judgeford School as did his siblings and many of his cousins[iii].

George was selected in a Military Ballot for service with the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, George appealed against
the selection on the grounds that his father George snr was ill and he was managing not only his father’s farm but also
his own. George snr’s farm was a 120 acre block on Moonshine Road.[iv]An extension was given but on the 12th
September 1917 the board declined another extension application,[v]

         George Henry Galloway, farmer, Pahautanui, asked for an extension of leave.
In his evidence he stated that he had a leasehold farm at Judgeford, Pahautanui,
the lease having two years to run. He was looking after the farm by himself, and
he could not obtain labour. Owing to the illness of his father he had had to look
after the latter’s farm. He could get rid of his farm as soon as the shearing was
finished, about the end of November.

The board decided that the reasons advanced were not sufficient  to grant an extension of leave.

George entered military training camp on the 19th September 1917 as 55255 Private Galloway, B Company, 33rd Reinforcements. On the 7th November 1917 Private Galloway was transferred to F Company, 33rd Reinforcements and granted two months leave without pay (LWP) possibly to complete the shearing and also tidy up the farm affairs[vi].

Private Galloway returned to camp as part of the 34th Reinforcements on the 9th January 1918 and following basic
training left for overseas service on the 8th February 1918 with C Company, Canterbury Infantry, 34th Reinforcements.
The reinforcements arrived in Liverpool, England in March 1918 and were transported first to Brocton where Private Galloway was put into the Rifle Brigade Reserve Battalion and then moved to Sling and the Wellington Infantry Regiment (WIR) Reserve Battalion.

On the 2nd June 1918 Private  Galloway was shipped to France and by the 8th June 1918 was ‘In the Field’ with the Entrenching Battalion. Private Galloway remained with the Entrenching Battalion until the 3rd August 1918 when he was transferred to the 2nd Battalion, Wellington Infantry Regiment. The Regiment was in Reserve moving up to take over trenches in the Gommecourt sector of the Front. In August 1918 American troops of the USA 317 Regiments were
assigned to various New Zealand units to get experience on the Western Front. As the Germans retreated in stages
towards Achiet-le-Petit but subjected the advancing  2nd Wellington Battalion and other New Zealand units to heavy shelling during which[vii]:

The US 317 Regiment newly arrived on the Western Front provided a number of their ‘green troops’ 
to serve with the 2nd Wellington Battalion to experience the conditions on the Western Front.
‘Sonny’ Galloway was with these American troops but during a fierce German bombardment became
separated and was seeking shelter in a shell hole when another soldier made a hurried entry seeking
shelter. Sonny picked up in all the noise and confusion a ‘Kiwi Accent’ and found it to be another
Pahautanui boy – 59366 Private Herbert (Herb) Harris.

Herbert  (Herb) Harris[viii] had been selected n the May 1917, Seventh Military Ballot and  had gone
into camp with the 29th Reinforcements. Private Harris was wounded on the 16th August 1918 and evacuated to England.

Private Galloway served in the Battle of Baupame and the following 100 days advance towards the German Border. It is possible that after the Armistice that Private Galloway served in the NZEF elements of Army of Occupation based in Cologne, Germany.

Private Galloway returned to England in March 1919 with the repatriation of men to New Zealand but not did leave until 23rd June 1919. 68285 Private George Henry  Galloway was finally discharged on the 232rd September 1919 ‘on account of illness contracted on active service.’ There is nothing in George’s military file to indicate why the notation would have been place on his file[ix].

George (Sonny) returned to farming.

George died on the 10th March 1948 and is buried in the St Alban’s Church, Pauatahanui.[x]

Galloway George H is commemorated on the Pauatahanui Roll of Honour at the St Alban’s Church.

Notes
83686 Private Ernest Stanley Dickerson was classified C2 and did not go overseas
59366 Private Herbert (Herb) Harris  2nd Battalion, Wellignton Infantry Regiment

References:
Pauatahanui – a local history: Helen Reilly
Archway Archives New Zealand – Military records:
The Wellington Regiment (NZEF) 1914 - 1919 | NZETC
NZ BDM
Paperspast Online
Judgeford School Pupils 1875 - 1935

Photo

[i]    Pauatahanui – A local history
[ii]   NZ BDM
[iii]   Judgeford School Pupils 1875 – 1935
[iv]  Pauatahanui – A local history
[v]   Military Board Appeals, 12th September 1917, Evening Post
[vi]   Archway Archives New Zealand Military Files: 68285 Private George Henry  Galloway
[vii]  Oral History -
[viii] Archway Archives New Zealand Military Files 59366 Private Herbert Harris
[ix]  Archway Archives New Zealand Military Files: 68285 Private George Henry  Galloway
[x] PCC Cemetery Records Pauatahanui​
Pauatahanui Hall and stream bridge c 1920