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2000 Private James (Harold) Harold Richmond – 3/18th Battalion, A.I.F.

James Harold Richmond was born in 1895 in Wednesbury, Staffordshire[i] the eldest son of Jane (nee Cale) and
James Bland Richmond. Jane and James had four more children prior to Jane’s death in 1904. James Bland Richmond remarried in 1907 to Jane’s sister Matilda (nee Cale) and the couple had two more children with the youngest
George Thomas Richmond born in 1912 in Erdington, Warwickshire.

It is probable that James Harold Richmond, known as Harold,  with his parents and his  other siblings immigrated to
New Zealand shortly after the birth of George.  Harold's  Frank Richmond was enrolled at Porirua School in 1913.[ii]

On the outbreak of World War One it is likely that Harold, as he was known, tried to enlist in the New Zealand
Expeditionary Force but as he was under 20 was rejected on age. Like others Harold went to Australia to enlist and on
21st June 1915 he signed his enlistment papers to join the 3rd Reinforcements, 18th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force at the Liverpool Military Camp, New South Wales. Private Richmond is listed as 19 years six months and employed as a plumber, the same occupation as his father. Private Richmond’s Mrs M Richmond, Porirua is given as his next of kin.[iii]

Private Richmond sailed for Egypt on 9th August 1915 on the
Australian troopship No 54 the SS Runic and by 24th October
1915 joined the 18th Battalion, A.I.F. in action at ANZAC Cove,
Gallipoli.

Members of 18th Battalion A.I.F. Egypt 1915

On 13th December 1915 Private Richmond was evacuated to
Murdos with influenza and was then shipped to Cairo
arriving on 27th December 1915. Following treatment
Private Richmond was discharged to the Australian and
New Zealand Convalescent Hospital on 11th January 1916. Private Richmond was discharged back to active duty but was
re-admitted to hospital with an injury to his back. On the 27th January 1916 Private Richmond’s file noted “dangerously ill”
and on 1st February 1916 that Private Richmond had died in the No 4 Auxiliary Hospital Heliopolis, Egypt of
Cerebrospinal meningitis.

2000 Private James Harold Richmond is buried in the New Protestant Cemetery in the Old Cairo War Memorial Cemetery.
James Harold Richmond’s family in Porirua were sent his service medals and the Memorial Medallion. The family commemorated the loss of their son and brother[iv]

                RICHMOND – In loving memory of Harold
                   James Richmond, who dies of sickness in
                  Egypt on the 18th February, 1915, aged 21
                  years.

                 The path of duty is the road to glory

                Ever remembered by his loving mother, father
                sister, and brother, of Porirua

The Richmond family remained in Porirua through to 1935 when James Bland and Matilda Richmond are recorded on
the Napier electoral roll.

Notes
There is errors in the memorial notices as the Commonwealth Graves record the death of Private Richmond as 1st February 1916, this is supported by his military file and also the burial records for the cemetery.

Reference
Paperspast Online
Free UK BDM
NZ Electoral Rolls: Ancestry.com
McNair family tree: Ancestry.com
Australian Military Service Records: 2000 Private James Harold Richmond 3/18th Battalion, A.I.F.

Photos
New Protestant Cemetery, Cairo: Wikipedia
Members of 18th Battalion A.I.F in Egypt 1915: Wikipedia

[i] McNair Family tree: Ancestry.com
[ii] Porirua School rolls 1873 - 1937
[iii] Australian Military Records: 2000 Private James Harold Richmond 3/18th Battalion
[iv] Roll of Honour, 18th February 1920, Evening Post
  

New Protestant Cemetery